As the birthstone for May, Emerald has many different meanings. A few are the symbol of rebirth, granting the owner foresight,youth, and to bring the wearer good luck and protection. Today, most of the world’s emeralds are mined in Colombia, who are the world’s largest producers of emeralds, supplying up to 50% of the world’s production.
Emerald is a member of the Beryl mineral family. It has a hardness of 7.5-8 on the 10 point Mohs scale of mineral hardness.
Emeralds tend to have numerous inclusions and surface breaking fissures, which are sometimes referred to as ‘jardins’ which is French for garden. Unlike the diamond, which is graded under a 10x magnification loupe, Emeralds are graded by the naked eye. If an emerald has no internal or external inclusions it is considered flawless which is highly valuable.
However inclusions in this beautiful gemstone are what makes it unique and different to other gemstones.